It’s 40 years today since Stockholm 1975!

Teach-In ©  Sveriges Radio

Today marks the 40th anniversary since the 20th Eurovision Song Contest, held in the Swedish city of Stockholm on 22nd March 1975. Following Abba's win the previous year the contest came to Sweden for the first time and Turkey made their debut.

5 Artists Qualify For Spanish Semi-Final

Destino Eurovision 2011 First Heat Spain

Spain just finished their first heat of Destino Eurovisión in the search for who can wave the Spanish flag in Düsseldorf. Out of the 12 acts presented, David Sancho, Auryn, Lucía Pérez, Gio and Da Igual managed to convince the jury and audience to advance to the national semi-final, but for the seven others, the journey ended here.

Everything Is Ready For The First Heat In Spain

Destino Eurovision 2011 Stage © RTVE

Within a matter of hours the first show of Destino Eurovisión is going to start. The twelve participants will perform hits from the Eurovision Song Contest. You can watch it tonight at 22:15 CET on TVE-1 where the artists will sing songs like Fly On The Wings Of Love, Wild Dances and Non Ho L'Età and of course several Spanish entries.


1975 Logo ©  EBU
Basic information
22 March 1975
St Eriks Massan Alvsjoe, Stockholm, Sweden
Karin Falck
About the contest: 

The 1975 contest saw yet another country make its debut. Turkey, who would have to wait a very long time before achieving any kind of success, entered for the first time and finished last. Greece, who had only made its debut the year before, stayed away, but Malta returned having taken a year off the previous year. France also came back after withdrawing in the week leading up to the 1974 contest.

The Shadows were probably the biggest name in the contest. Their song was written by Paul Curtis, who would write three more entries for the United Kingdom. Ellen Nikolaysen had been a member of Norway’s Bendik Singers in the 1973 and 1974 contests. This time, she had her own song.

It was also the year that the most famous of all the voting systems was introduced. Each country organised a jury who would give a mark for each song. After all the songs had been performed, the marks were added up, The top ten songs were awarded 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 10 or 12 points. The points system is still in use today, even though the method of achieving them has changed with the introduction of phone voting. 

The biggest stir was caused by Portugal’s Duarte Mendes. He wanted to commemorate the 1974 revolution in his country by wearing full military uniform, including a loaded revolver. The EBU decided that this wasn’t appropriate and banned Duarte from doing so.
About the songs: 
 Teach-InTeach-In The Netherlands - Teach-In - Ding-a-Dong (English)

Writer/Lyrics: Dick Bakker, Eddy Ouwens/Will Luikinga

Conductor: Harry van Hoof

The second Dutch winner has an international flavour with its simple lyrics and cheery melody. There is a belief that being first in the running order is a disadvantage. The birth of a new voting system was clearly not to the disadvantage of the Netherlands.

 The Swarbriggs 1975The Swarbriggs 1975 Ireland - The Swarbriggs - That's What Friends Are For (English)

Writer/Lyrics: Tommy Swarbrigg, Jimmy Swarbrigg/ Tommy Swarbrigg, Jimmy Swarbrigg

Conductor: Colman Pearce

The Swarbrigg brothers wrote as well as performed the Irish song, which lyrically is a poor man’s ‘He Ain’t Heavy, He’s My Brother’. They would represent Ireland again two years later.  

 Nicole RieuNicole Rieu France - Nicole Rieu - Et Bonjour à Toi L'artiste (French)

Writer/Lyrics: Pierre Delanoë, Jeff Barnel/ Pierre Delanoë, Jeff Barnel

Conductor: Jean Muzy

Such is the softness of the song, it’s almost as if the writers didn’t want anyone to hear it. As well as soft, it’s also very melodic. 

 Joy FlemingJoy Fleming Germany - Joy Fleming - Ein Lied Kann Eine Brücke Sein (German)

Music/Lyrics: Rainer Pietsch/Michael Holm

Conductor: Rainer Pietsch

No-one could fail to notice Joy! The big woman with the big voice belted out Germany’s entry, with lots of help from the brass section.

 GéraldineGéraldine Luxembourg - Géraldine - Toi (Luxembourg)

Writer/Lyrics: Bill Martin, Phil Coulter/ Bill Martin, Phil Coulter, Pierre Cour

Conductor: Phil Coulter

The lilting melody of the verses, which Géraldine almost whispers, gives way to a more impassioned chorus. 

 Ellen NikolaysenEllen Nikolaysen Norway - Ellen Nikolaysen - You Touched My Life With Summer (English)

Writer/Lyrics: Sven Hundsnes/Johnny Saeussen

Conductor: Carsten Klouman

The chorus is let down by the verses. While the chorus is quite strong, the listener might not make it beyond the first verse.

 Simone DrexelSimone Drexel Switzerland - Simone Drexel - Mikado (German)

Writer/Lyrics: Simone Drexel/ Simone Drexel

Conductor: Peter Jacques

This is a pleasant, jolly song whose melody, in the chorus at least, is very much in the style of the circus.

 Pepel In KriPepel In Kri Yugoslavia - Pepel In Kri - Dan Ljubezni (Serbo-Croat)

Writer/Lyrics: Tadej Hrusovar/Dusan Velkaverh

Conductor: Mario Rijavic

If Dan Ljubezni was as memorable as it is pleasant, it could have won. As it is, the likeability factor doesn’t quite go far enough for this folk song.

 The ShadowsThe Shadows United Kingdom - The Shadows - Let Me Be the One (English)

Writer/Lyrics: Paul Curtis/Paul Curtis

Conductor: Alyn Ainsworth

Having long since stepped out of Cliff Richard’s ‘shadow’, this was a rare excursion into lyrics for a band better known for instrumentals. Bruce Welch had lead vocal duties, and let the world know when he forgot a couple of words when he turned to his colleagues and said “I knew it” in range of his microphone.

 RenatoRenato Malta - Renato - Singing This Song (English)

Writer/Lyrics: Sammy Galea/Iris Misfud

Conductor: Vince Tempera

After a two year break, Malta returned with a song whose lyrics are inane and melody childish. Amazingly, this did a lot better than the two previous Maltese entries.

 Ann ChristyAnn Christy Belgium - Ann Christy - Gelukkig Zijn (Flemish/English)

Writer/Lyrics: Mary Boduin/ Mary Boduin

Conductor: Francis Bay

This is a steady tune which is easy to remember and sing along with. She seemed indecisive as to which language to sing in, chosing to sing half the song in Flemish and half in English.

 Shlomo ArtziShlomo Artzi Israel - Shlomo Artzi - At Ve'ani (Hebrew)

Writer/Lyrics:  Shlomo Artzi/Ehud Manor

Conductor: Eldad Shrem

The third Israeli entry was the first up-tempo song from it. It showed a glimpse of the delights of Israeli pop that would delight fans in later years.

 Semiha YankiSemiha Yanki Turkey - Semiha Yanki - Seninle Bir Dakika (Turkish)

Music/Lyrics: Kemal Ebcioglu/Hikmet Munir Ebcioglu

Conductor: Timor Selcuk

As with many Turkish entries, this, their contest debut, didn’t make the impression on the scoreboard it deserved to. It’s not one of the foot tapper that fans would become used to, more a melodic, captivating song which has stood the test of time.   

 SophieSophie Monaco - Sophie - Une Chanson C'est Une Lettre (French)

Writer/Lyrics: André Popp/Boris Bergman

Conductor: André Popp

Making good use of the accordion, Sophie’s eyes barely look away from the camera during the close ups. The song moves along quite freely and easily.

 PihasoittajatPihasoittajat Finland - Pihasoittajat - Old Man Fiddle (English)

Music/Lyrics: Kim Kuusi/Hannu Karlsson

Conductor: Ossi Runne

Unsurprisingly, there is a lot of fiddle playing as Finland turned to folk music. More surprising was that it finished as high as seventh. 

 Duarte MendesDuarte Mendes Portugal - Duarte Mendes - Madrugada (Portuguese)

Music/Lyrics: José Luis Tinoco/ José Luis Tinoco

Conductor: Pedro Osório

Having been prevented by the EBU from dressing in full military regalia complete with loaded pistol, Duarte instead wore a sober (by 1970’s standards!) suit. A shame in a way, because the uniform would have suited this dramatic song quite well.

 Sergio y EstíbalizSergio y Estíbaliz Spain - Sergio y Estíbaliz - Tú Volverás (Spain)

Music/Lyrics: Juan Carlos Calderón/ Juan Carlos Calderón

Conductor: Juan Carlos Calderón

Estíbaliz’s voice is the louder of the duo. Sergio is virtually a backing singer in one of the less Spanish of 1970’s Spanish entries. 

 Lars BerghagenLars Berghagen Sweden - Lars Berghagen and the Dolls - Jennie, Jennie (English)

Writer/Lyrics: Lars Berghagen/ Lars Berghagen

Conductor: Lars Samuelson

The possibility of a second successive victory for the host nation couldn’t be ruled out. Jennie, Jennie is a sad ballad about a girl for whom life is becoming too difficult. 

 Wess & Dori GhezziWess & Dori Ghezzi Italy - Wess and Dori Ghezzi - Era (Italian)

Writer/Lyrics: David Shapiro/Andrea lo Vecchio

Conductor: Pier Natale Massara

Era is a very laid back song which winds its way steadily from the beginning to the end. Wess’ voice has a naturally rough tinge to it, but it still harmonises well with Dori’s more smooth vocal.  

7 videos from gigantic opening party

Many people attended the opening party © Charlotte Jensen, EuroVisionary

The tradition welcome reception had been transformed into a gigantic party where several former participants, including a lot of winners, performed. In seven videos EuroVisionary show you performances from Dana International, Marija Serifovic, Teach-In, Dschinghis Khan, t.A.T.u, Dima Bilan, Carola and Ruslana.

Video: Teach-In - Dinge Dong (From opening party)

See video

The 1975 Eurovision Song Contest winners Teach-In performed their winner song Dinge Dong at the official opening party in relation to the Eurovision Song Contest 2009.

1975nl Teach-in - Ding-a-dong

See video

The last time The Netherlands won the Eurovision Song Contest was in 1975 when Teach-in won with Ding-a-dong.




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