1974 Logo ©  EBU
Basic information
6 April 1974
Contest type: 
Grand Final
The Dome, Brighton, United Kingdom
Katie Boyle
About the contest: 

Brighton, a relatively unknown town on the south coast of England, was the venue of possibly the most famous of all contests. There were acts whose names are familiar to people who aren’t fans of the contest; Gigliola Cinquetti tried to be the first singer to win the contest twice, Olivia Newton-John went on to star in Grease, one of the biggest films of the 1970’s, and of course there was Abba. Having failed to win the Swedish selection one year earlier, Abba travelled to Brighton surely unaware of what was about to happen to them. It was the last time that the most iconic of Eurovision presenters, Katie Boyle, played host.

There was also a song which started a war! In 1974, the Portuguese revolution started. The signal for the army to start overthrowing the government was the playing of E Depois Do Adeus on the radio.

France did enter the contest with a song called La Vie A Vingt-cinq Ans to be sung by Dani. However, in the week leading up to the contest, French president, Georges Pompidou died, and the decision was taken to withdraw from the contest.

The voting system was changed again. Each country selected ten people to be jury members, and they each awarded one point to their favourite song.

Katie Boyle’s dress was such a close fit that it had to be sewn on to her, and there wasn’t enough room for her underwear.
About the songs: 
 CaritaCarita Finland - Carita - Keep Me Warm (English)

Music/Lyrics: Eero Koivistoinen/Hector

Conductor: Ossi Runne

Despite having a strong melody, Keep Me Warm somehow doesn’t quite deliver. It’s likeable and has a sing-along quality, but something to leave a lasting impression is missing.

 Olivia Newton-JohnOlivia Newton-John United Kingdom - Olivia Newton-John - Long Live Love (English)

Music/Lyrics: Valerie Avon, Harold Spiro/ Valerie Avon, Harold Spiro

Conductor: Nick Ingman

Olivia, who was brought up in Australia, was asked by the BBC to sing for the country of her birth. Long Live Love has a marching style arrangement and was given a chirpy delivery by Olivia.

 PeretPeret Spain - Peret - Canta Y Se Feliz (Spanish)

Music/Lyrics: Pedro Pubill Calaf/ Pedro Pubill Calaf

Conductor: Rafael Ibarbia

Peret looked very serious (and slightly silly with the microphone hanging from his shirt)as he urged everyone to ‘Sing and Be Happy’. It’s very Spanish and likeable without sounding like a winner.

 Anne-Karine Ström and the Bendik SingersAnne-Karine Ström and the Bendik Singers Norway - Anne-Karine Ström and the Bendik Singers - The First Day Of Love (English)

Music/Lyrics: Frode Thingnaes/Philip Kruse

Conductor: Frode Thingnaes

Anne-Karine was part of the Bendik Singers when the represented Norway in 1973. This time, she was given top billing - probably because she was married to one of the writers. She seemed to enjoy her place in the spotlight.

 MarinellaMarinella Greece - Marinella - Krassi, Thalassa Ke T'agori Mou (Greece)

Music/Lyrics: Yorgos Katsaros/Pythagoras

Conductor: Yorgos Katsaros

Marinella stood rather awkwardly on the stage as her backing group performed the first few bars of Greece’s debut song. The bouzouki gives the song a very Greek feel, and it also sounds quite jolly.

 PoogyPoogy Israel - Poogy - Natati La Khaiai (Hebrew)

Music/Lyrics: Dani Sanderson/ Dani Sanderson, Alon Oleartchick

Conductor: Yonathan Rechter

Poogy were an odd collection of men with a nifty line in tank tops.  Natati La Khaiai is very melodic with a consistent tempo which makes you listen to the song from start to finish. The English version, I Gave Her My Life, has to be one of the best and funniest English versions.

 KorniKorni Yugoslavia - Korni - Generacija 42 (Serbo-Croat)

Music/Lyrics: Kornelije Kovac/Kornelije Kovac

Conductor: Zvonimir Skerl

There were doubts before the show was broadcast as to which language Korni would choose to sing their anti war song. The sound of bombs falling is even included for effect. 

 AbbaAbba Sweden - Abba - Waterloo (English)

Music/Lyrics: Benny Andersson, BjőrnUlvaeus/Stig Anderson

Conductor: Sven-Olaf Walldoff

This is where it all began! Waterloo has the double female vocal and full arrangement which would become Abba’s trademark. The conductor even dressed up as Napoleon.

 Ireen SheerIreen Sheer Luxembourg - Ireen Sheer - Bye, Bye, I Love You (English)

Music/Lyrics: Ralph Siegel/Michael Kunze, Humbert Ibach

Conductor: Charles Blackwell

Brit Ireen was a star in Germany but made her first appearance in the contest for Luxembourg. The song starts slowly and builds into an uncomplicated sing song. 

 RomualdRomuald Monaco - Romuald - Celui Qui Reste Et Celui Qui S'en Va (French)

Music/Lyrics: Jean-Pierre Bourtayre/Michel Jourdan

Conductor: Raymond Donnez

Romuald’s third and final Eurovision entry is a big ballad which he delivered very professionally. A good swansong for him.

 Jacques HustinJacques Hustin Belgium - Jacques Hustin - Fleur De Liberté (French)

Music/Lyrics: Jacques Hustin/Frank Gérald

Conductor: Pierre Chiffre

After spending the previous couple of years trying something gentle or fun, Belgium sent a passionate ballad. Jacques was up to the task.  

 Mouth and MacNealMouth and MacNeal The Netherlands - Mouth and MacNeal - I See a Star (English)

Music/Lyrics: Gerrit den Braber/Hans van Hemert

Conductor: Harry van Hoof

Party time!! Mouth bursts with charisma as he and Maggie MacNeal smiled their way through the happiest song of the contest. The performance probably won them a few points, even though the song was a strong contender for the top spot anyway. 

 TinaTina Ireland - Tina - Cross Your Heart (English)

Music/Lyrics: Paul Lyttle/ Paul Lyttle

Conductor: Colman Pearce

Wearing a dress whose pattern did indeed cross her heart, Tina certainly enjoyed her three minutes. There was more to enjoy about the Irish song than there had been for a few years.

 Cindy und BertCindy und Bert Germany - Cindy und Bert - Die Sommermelodie (German)

Music/Lyrics: Werner Scharfenberger/Kert Feltz

Conductor: Werner Scharfenberger

This is one of the less interesting entries from Germany. Even Bert didn’t seem too interested, although Cindy did her best.

 Piera MartellPiera Martell Switzerland - Piera Martell - Mein Ruf Nach Dir (German)

Music/Lyrics: Pepe Ederer/Pepe Ederer

Conductor: Pepe Ederer

The pattern of soft verse and slightly more intense chorus remains throughout the song. It’s all a bit dull.

 Paulo de CarvalhoPaulo de Carvalho Portugal - Paulo de Carvalho - E Depois Do Adeus (Portuguese)

Music/Lyrics: José Calvário/José Nisa

Conductor: José Calvário

Not many songs can claim to have started a war. In 1974, the playing of this song on the radio started the revolution. Ironically, the song is quite uneventful and passes by almost unnoticed. 

 Gigliola CinquettiGigliola Cinquetti Italy - Gigliola Cinquetti - Si (Italian)

Music/Lyrics: Daniele Pace, Mario Panzeri, Lorenzo Pilat, Corrado Conti/ Daniele Pace, Mario Panzeri, Lorenzo Pilat, Corrado Conti

Conductor: Gianfranco Monaldi

Ten years after she charmed Europe as a teenager, Gigliola returned with another soft ballad. She couldn’t quite emulate her previous success. 


1973 logo ©  EBU
Basic information
7 April 1973
Nouveau Theatre Municipal, Luxembourg-ville, Luxembourg
Helga Guitton
About the contest: 

The small principality of Luxembourg won for the fourth time, this meant it joined France on top of the winners list. It was also the second successive victory. Possibly because of finishing last with their first two entries, Malta withdrew. Austria also withdrew but Israel joined the Eurovision family. All in all, seventeen countries took part. Cliff Richard and Massimo Ranieri both appeared for the second time. The Spanish entry, Eres Tu, went on to be one of the most successful songs to emerge from the contest. 

The voting system remained the same from the two previous years. Two people from each country of differing genders and generations marked each song out of five. The jurors were on camera, and the gentleman from Switzerland took full advantage of his 15 minutes of fame. His facial expressions and flair when holding up his scorecard were very entertaining.

There were rumours that RTE wanted to replace Maxi with Tina, who went on to represent the Emerald Isle a year later. Maxi is very scornful of the possibility it could have happened, “She couldn’t even get into the building.”
About the songs: 
Marion RungMarion Rung

Finland - Marion Rung - Tom, Tom, Tom (English)

Music/Lyrics: Rauno Lehtinen/Rauno Lehtinen

Conductor: Ossi Runne

Marion sung in English and not only repeated the title several times, there were also more than enough la’s in this lively ditty to get the 18th contest underway.

 Nicole & HugoNicole & Hugo

Belgium - Nicole and Hugo - Baby, Baby (English)

Music/Lyrics: Ignace Baert/Erik Marijsse

Conductor: Francis Bay

An injury to Nicole prevented the duo from singing in the 1971 contest. Looking the height of fashion, their purple flares were to the fore as they kicked their way through this chirpy and entertaining little number.

 Fernando TordoFernando Tordo Portugal - Fernando Tordo - Tourada (Portuguese)

Music/Lyrics: Fernando Tordo/José Carlos Ary dos Santos

Conductor: Jorge Costa Pinto

Fernando marched on the spot for a lot of his performance. Quite suitable as there is a hint of the military about the Portuguese entry. 


Germany - Gitte - Junger Tag (German)

Music/Lyrics: Gunther-Eric Thőner/Erich Offierowski

Conductor: Gunther-Eric Thőner

After a strong brass intro, things calm down for the first verse and then pick up again to mid-tempo for the chorus. The mid-tempo pace remains until the end.

 The Bendik SingersThe Bendik Singers

Norway - The Bendik Singers - It's Just a Game (English/French)

Music/Lyrics: Arne Bendiksen/ Arne Bendiksen

Conductor: Carsten Klouman

Mixing both the harmonies and languages (English and French), it could be a very irritating little ditty. For those who don’t find it irritating, it’s a good sing-a-long which offers a bit of variety without being messy. 

 MarieMarie Monaco - Marie - Un Train Qui Part (French)

Music/Lyrics: Bernard Liamis/Boris Bergman

Conductor: Jean-Claude Vannier

A very timid looking Marie entered the stage. She had no reason to be timid. Her performance was more than adequate and the song sounded like a contender.


Spain - Mocedades - Eres Tu (Spanish)

Music/Lyrics: Juan Carlos Calderón/ Juan Carlos Calderón

Conductor: Juan Carlos Calderón

This song was a big international hit after the contest in its original language. The whole group performed with belief in what they were doing, contributing well to the visual effect. 

 Patrick JuvetPatrick Juvet Switzerland - Patrick Juvet - Je Me Vais Marier, Marie (French)

Music/Lyrics: Patrick Juvet/Pierre Delanoë

Conductor: Hervé Roy

Patrick rather arrogantly tells an ex that he is marrying someone else. There is little sympathy for the ex in the performance or the melody. 

 Zdravko ColicZdravko Colic

Yugoslavia - Zdravko Colic - Gori Vatra (Serbo-Croat)

Music/Lyrics: Kemal Montemo/Kemal Montemo

Conductor: Esad Arnautalic

The whole song is very intense, as was Zdtavko’s performance. As a result, it is very memorable, not a bad thing.

 Massimo RanieriMassimo Ranieri Italy - Massimo Ranieri - Chi Sarà Con Te (Italian)

Music/Lyrics: Enrico Polito/Gaetano Savio

Conductor: Enrico Polito

Massimo is not just a singer, he is also an actor and he showed both skills as he performed at the contest for the second time. Chi Sara con Te is less Neapolitan than his song from the 1971 contest, and more like background music in a restaurant.  

 Anne-Marie DavidAnne-Marie David Luxembourg - Anne-Marie David - Tu Te Reconnaîtras (French)

Music/Lyrics: Claude Morgan/Vline Buggy

Conductor: Pierre Cao

Luxembourg won for the second time in succession and the fourth time overall. It was thoroughly deserved, a powerful song which never lets the listener s ear to stray to other things. The passage of time has been kind to the song; it has lost none of its appeal. 

 The NovaThe Nova Sweden - The Nova and The Dolls - You Are Summer (English)

Music/Lyrics: Monica Dominique, Carl-Axel Dominique

Conductor: Monica Dominique

The Nova were two men, they had to be given some of the lyrics! The song itself is quite melodic and isn’t too dissimilar to what Simon and Garfunkel were doing at the time. 

 Ben CramerBen Cramer The Netherlands - Ben Cramer - De Oude Muzikant (Dutch)

Music/Lyrics: Pierre Kartner/Pierre Kartner

Conductor: Harry van Hoof

De Oude Muzikant is a slightly old fashioned song. The use of the accordion and slight um-pa-pa feel to the arrangement conjures up images of the fairground. 

 MaxiMaxi Ireland - Maxi - Do I Dream? (English)

Music/Lyrics: Jack Brierly, George Crosbie/ Jack Brierly, George Crosbie

Conductor: Colman Pearce

The Irish entry didn’t stand out from the crowd, being pleasant, but no more than average fare.

 Cliff RichardCliff Richard United Kingdom - Cliff Richard - Power To All Our Friends (English)

Music/Lyrics: Guy Fletcher, Doug Flett/Guy Fletcher, Doug Flett

Conductor: David MacKay

The BBC persuaded Cliff to return to the contest for a second time. The song the British public chose for him had a soft rock atmosphere to the chorus, and some very silly choreography. 

 Martine ClémenceauMartine Clémenceau France - Martine Clémenceau - Sans Toi (French)

Music/Lyrics: Paul Koulak/Anne Gregory

Conductor: Jean Claudric

After trying something different in 1972, the French went back to what they did best, the big ballad.

 IlanitIlanit Israel - Ilanit - Ey-sham (Hebrew)

Music/Lyrics: Nurit Hirsh/Ehud Manor

Conductor: Nurit Hirsh

Israel’s debut song is dramatic and powerful, as was Ilanit’s performance. The piano is heard clearly in the arrangement. 


1972 Logo ©  EBU
Basic information
25 March 1972
Contest type: 
Grand Final
Usher Hall, Edinburgh, United Kingdom
Moira Shearer
About the contest: 

Monaco declined the opportunity to host the contest and so the BBC took over the reigns. Edinburgh provided the venue, the only time the contest has been outside England when in the United Kingdom. Despite a new rule coming into force in 1971 allowing up to six performers on stage, all but three countries selected soloists or duos. Only Austria, United Kingdom and Sweden sent groups or bands.

Luxembourg secured its third victory with a song which has aged better than all of its rivals. Possibly because the contest was being held in Edinburgh, Scot Moira Sheer, a famous ballet dancer, was chosen to host the event.

The voting system was the same as that introduced the previous year. Two people from each country of differing genders and generations marked each song out of five.

About the songs: 
Mary RoosMary Roos Germany - Mary Roos - Nur Die Liebe Läßt Uns Leben (German)

Music/Lyrics: Joachim Heider/ Joachim Heider

Conductor: Paul Kuhn

Mary made her contest debut with the type of song which, lyrically at least, would be come typical of German entries.

 Betty MarsBetty Mars France - Betty Mars - Comé-comédie (French)

Music/Lyrics: Frédéric Botton/Frédéric Botton

Conductor: Franck Pourcel

Is it Betty or Edith Piaf singing? The distinctive vocal warble is definitely there and Comé-comédie could come from a 1940’s French film. The song is quite plain and not very memorable.

 Sandie JonesSandie Jones Ireland - Sandie Jones - Ceol On Ghrá (Gaelic)

Music/Lyrics: Joe Burkett/Liam MacUistin

Conductror: Colman Pearce

Irelands only entry in Gaelic is otherwise not very Irish. It’s soft and melodic and while there is nothing to dislike, there is also nothing to really like about it.

 Jaime MoreyJaime Morey Spain - Jaime Morey - Amanece (Spanish)

Music/Lyrics: Augusto Algueró/Ramon Arcusa

Conductor: Augusto Algueró

Spain had already started to prove that the dramatic ballad was what they did best and Amanece is certainly that. 

 The New SeekersThe New Seekers

United Kingdom - The New Seekers - Beg, Steal Or Borrow (English)

Music/Lyrics: Tony Cole, Graeme Hall, Steve Wolfe/Tony Cole, Graeme Hall, Steve Wolfe

Conductor: David MacKay

For trivia buffs, The New Seekers was the first band to perform ant the Eurovision Song Contest. The song was a mid tempo number along the lines of the commercially successful I’d Like to Teach the World to Sing.

 Grethe Kausland and Benny BorgGrethe Kausland and Benny Borg

Norway - Grethe Kausland and Benny Borg - Småting (Norwegian)

Music/Lyrics: Kare Grottum, Ivar Borsum/ Kare Grottum, Ivar Borsum

Conductor: Carsten Klouman

With a song which could have been written for one of the 1960's contests, Norway’s hopes surely wouldn’t have been high. Grethe and Benny did their best, though.

 Carlos MendesCarlos Mendes Portugal - Carlos Mendes - A Festa Da Vida (Portuguese)

Music/Lyrics: Josè Calvário/Josè Nisa

Conductor: Richard Hill

Drama, passion and emotion are all over the Portuguese entry. Carlos gave a good performance and deserved his place in the top ten.

 Véronique MüllerVéronique Müller

Switzerland - Véronique Müller - C'est La Chanson De Mon Amour (French)

Music/Lyrics: Véronique Müller/Catherine Desage

Conductor: Jean-Pierre Festi

Gentle songs were the dominant style of the 1972 contest. Switzerland’s was one of the most gentle.

 Helen and JosephHelen and Joseph

Malta - Helen and Joseph - L-imhabba (Maltese)

Music/Lyrics: Charles Camilleri/Albert Cassola

Conductor: Charles Camilleri

Not put off by finishing last on their debut the year before, Malta chose to sing in Maltese again. Early disco undertones feature in thearrangement, but there is nothing disco about the rest of the song or the performance. This was to be Malta's last appearance until 1976.

 Päivi Paunu and Kim FloorPäivi Paunu and Kim Floor

Finland - Päivi Paunu and Kim Floor - Muistathan (Finnish)

Music/Lyrics: Juha Flinck/Juha Flinck, Nacke Johansson

Conductor: Ossi Runne

The musical influences of one of Finland’s neighbours, Russia, are more than evident. One of six duos in the contest, Pavi’s deep voice and Kim’s higher voice (naturally) contrast, but still harmonise well.  

 The MilestonesThe Milestones

Austria - The Milestones - Falter Im Wind (German)

Music/Lyrics: Richard Schönherz, Manual Rigoni/Heinz Unger

Conductor: Erich Kleinschuster

Acoustic guitar and the flute feature heavily in the arrangement. The three men and one woman band returned for Austria in 1977 under a different name. 

 Nicola di BariNicola di Bari

Italy - Nicola di Bari - I Giorni Dell' Arcobaleno (Italian)

Music/Lyrics: Piero Pintucci, Nicola di Bari/Dalmazio Masini

Conductor: Gianfranco Reverberi

RAI once more turned to the Sanremo to find Italy’s representative. The gentle, melodic nature of the song suits Nicola’s voice perfectly. 

 TerezaTereza Yugoslavia - Tereza - Muzika I Ti (Serbo-Croat)

Music/Lyrics:  Nikica Kalogjera/Ivan Krajac

Conductor: Nikica Kalogjera

Possibly a bit overdramatic for a song called Music and You, it is nevertheless a strong effort which never lets the drama drop.  

 Family FourFamily Four Sweden - Family Four - Härliga Sommardag (Swedish)

Music/Lyrics: Hakan Elmquist/Hakan Elmquist

Conductor: Mats Olsson

Preceding Abba, Family Four were a two male, two female group from Sweden. As they demonstrated the previous year, their style was more folk than pop. 

 Anne-Marie Godart and Peter MacLaneAnne-Marie Godart and Peter MacLane

Monaco - Anne-Marie Godart and Peter MacLane - Comme On S'aime (French)

Music/Lyrics: Raymond Bernard/Jean Drejac

Conductor: Raymond Bernard

To defend the crown, Monaco sent an inoffensive, understated ballad. Anne-Marie and Peter gave a suitably quiet performance.

 Serge and Christine GhisolandSerge and Christine Ghisoland

Belgium - Serge and Christine Ghisoland - À La Folie Ou Pas Du Tout (French)

Music/Lyrics: Daniel Nelis, Bob Milan/Daniel Nelis

Conductor: Henri Segers

Serge and Christine sung a rather non-descript ballad which is rather twee, but doesn’t really go anywhere. 

 Vicky LeandrosVicky Leandros Luxembourg - Vicky Leandros - Après Toi (French)

Music/Lyrics: Klaus Munro, Mario Panas/ Klaus Munro, Yves Dessca

Conductor: Klaus Munro

Greek born Vicky represented Luxembourg for the second time, having enjoyed a big international hit with L’amour est Bleu. This time, she belted out a big ballad.

 Sandra and AndresSandra and Andres The Netherlands - Sandra and Andres - Als Het Om De Liefde Gaat (Dutch)

Music/Lyrics: Hans van Hemert/Dries Holten

Conductor: Harry van Hoof

The most fun song of the contest without doubt. Sandra and Andres are clearly enjoyed themselves, and there is plenty of reason for the listener to sing along with and tap their feet to.


1971 logo.jpg
Basic information
3 April 1971
Contest type: 
Grand Final
Gaiety Theatre, Dublin, Ireland
Bernadette Ni Gallchoir
About the contest: 

After the exodus of 1970, normality was restored as 18 countries travelled to Dublin, the first time the Irish capital hosted the contest. The number of participants was boosted by the entrance of Malta for the first time. Five of the artists were appearing for the first time, while Katja Ebstein competed for the second successive year. Among the debutants were Peter, Sue and Marc, who sang in four contests, each time in a different language.

The rules were changed to allow more performers on stage. Previously, only a maximum of two were allowed, but as from 1971, six were allowed.

A new voting system was introduced. Instead of ten jurors from each country voting for one song each, two people from each country gave all the songs (except their own) a score out of five. It could be argued that this was a strange system as it meant that Europe’s favourite song was chosen by 38 people. On the other hand, it could be argued that, in the three years it was used, it produced three winners that would feature in the top ten of most fans winners list.

About the songs: 
Marianne MendtMarianne Mendt

Austria - Marianne Mendt - Musik (German)

Music/Lyrics: Richard Schönherz & Manuel Rigoni/ Richard Schönherz  Manuel Rigoni

Conductor: Robert Opratko

A big brass intro set the scene as Marianne started with restraint and then belted out the big chorus. The busy arrangement keeps the attention of the listener until the end.

 Joe GrechJoe Grech Malta - Joe Grech - Marija L-maltija (Maltese)

Music/Lyrics: Joe Grech/Charles Misfud

Conductor: Twanny Chircop

Malta’s debut song in the contest is a cheesy affair sung in Maltese. As was not uncommon at that time, brass is very evident in the arrangement. At least finishing last didn’t put them off.

 SéverineSéverine Monaco - Séverine - Un Banc, Un Arbre, Une Rue (French)

Music/Lyrics: Jean-Pierre Bourtayre/Yves Dessca

Conductor: Jean-Claude Petit

Severine gave Monaco its first and only victory with a very classy ballad. It stands out from its competitors as being the best of the bunch. She also gave a performance worthy of the song.

 Peter, Sue and MarcPeter, Sue and Marc Switzerland - Peter, Sue and Marc - Les Illusions De Nos Vingt Ans (French)

Music/Lyrics: Peter Reber/Maurice Téz

Conductor: Jean-Claude Vannier

This was the Swiss trios first of four appearances. Sue did most of the vocal duties for a song which is gentle and reflective.  

 Katja EbsteinKatja Ebstein Germany - Katja Ebstein - Diese Welt (German)

Music/Lyrics: Dieter Zimmermann/Fred Jay

Conductor: Dieter Zimmermann

Katja’s second successive visit to the contest is a song which has a quiet verse and builds into the chorus. She sings with feeling for the duration of the song.

 KarinaKarina Spain - Karina - En Un Mundo Nuevo (Spanish)

Music/Lyrics: Rafael Trabucchelli/Tony Luz

Conductor: Waldo de los Rios

The song starts quite softly and builds gradually towards the chorus. It’s the style similar to the two songs which brought Spain victory, and it very nearly did so again. 

 Serge LamaSerge Lama France - Serge Lama - Un Jardin Sur La Terre (French)

Music/Lyrics: Alice Dona/Henri Djian & Jacques Demarny

Conductor: Franck Pourcel

A traditional ‘chanteur’ in voice and style of performance, Serge gave a solid interpretation of a song which plods along at times.

 Monique MelsenMonique Melsen Luxembourg - Monique Melsen - Pomme, Pomme, Pomme (French)

Music/Lyrics: Hubert Giraud/Pierre Cour

Conductor: Jean Claudric

This is an unremarkable song which could come from a children’s television programme. The tempo and melody change little, although Monique sells it well.  

 Clodagh RodgersClodagh Rodgers United Kingdom - Clodagh Rodgers - Jack in the Box (English)

Music/Lyrics: John Worsley/David Myers

Conductor: Johnny Arthey

The intro immediately grabs the listeners attention and the rest of the song is interesting enough to maintain it before ending with a bang. Dressed in pink hot pants, Clodagh gave a lively performance. 

 Lily Castel and Jacques RaymondLily Castel and Jacques Raymond Belgium - Lily Castel and Jacques Raymond - Goeie Morgen, Morgen (Flemish)

Music/Lyrics: Paul Quintens/Philippe van Cauwenbergh

Conductor: Francis Bay

Lily and Jacques represented Belgium after the original choices, Nicole and Hugo, had to withdraw after Nicole suffered an injury. Lily and Jacques were dressed quite formally for this mid tempo ditty which possibly deserved its low placing.

 Massimo RanieriMassimo Ranieri Italy - Massimo Ranieri - L'amore è Un Attimo (Italian)

Music/Lyrics: Enrico Polito/Gaetano Savio & Giancarlo Bigazzi

Conductor: Enrico Polito

A young Massimo gave a mature performance, showing the potential that led to a successful career which continues today. L'amore è Un Attimo has echoes of his native Neopolitan tradition.

 Family FourFamily Four

Sweden - Family Four - Vita Vidder (Swedish)

Music/Lyrics: Hakan Elmquist/Hakan Elmquist

Conductor: Claes Rosendahl

The quality of the harmonies was always going to be crucial to the success or otherwise of the Swedish entry. Fortunately, the four voices worked well together. If they hadn’t……….

 Angela FarrellAngela Farrell

Ireland - Angela Farrell - One Day Love (English)

Music/Lyrics: Donald Martin & Ita Flynn/ Donald Martin & Ita Flynn

Conductor: Noel Kelehan

Pure voiced Angela almost went soprano at times. One Day Love moves along steadily, the pace never faltering.

 Saskia and SergeSaskia and Serge

The Netherlands - Saskia and Serge - De Tijd (Dutch)

Music/Lyrics: Joop Stokkermans/Gerrit den Braber

Conductor: Dolf van der Linden

The recorders lend a medieval feel to the song, and the melody is also medieval in style. Saskia does most of the singing, leaving Serge to be little more than a backing musician. 


Portugal - Tonicha - Menina Do Alto Da Serra (Portuguese)

Music/Lyrics: Nuno Nazareth Fernandes/Josė Carlos Ary dos Santos

Conductor: Jorge Costa Pinto

If such a thing exists, Menina… could come from a Portuguese western. The tempo stays brisk throughout the song, which manages to keep the listeners attention.

 Krunoslav SlabinacKrunoslav Slabinac

Yugoslavia - Krunoslav Slabinac - Tvoj Djecak Je Tuzan (Serbo-Croat)

Music/Lyrics: Ivica Krajac/Zvonimir Golob

Conductor: Miljenko Prohaska

There is a jazz feel to the intro, but once Krunoslav starts singing, it turns into a big ballad.

 Markku AroMarkku Aro

Finland - Markku Aro and the Koivisto Sisters - Tie Uuteen Päivään (Finnish)

Music/Lyrics: Rauno Lehtinen/ Rauno Lehtinen

Conductor: Ossi Runne

This song can’t decide what it wants to be. The verses are slow and the chorus follows smoothly, but then there is a bridge which totally changes the direction of the song. The result is slightly messy.

 Hanne KroghHanne Krogh

Norway - Hanne Krogh - Lykken Er... (Norwegian)

Music/Lyrics: Arne Bendiksen/Arne Bendiksen

Conductor: Arne Bendiksen

A very young Hanne was dressed for a summers day and looked a bit too sweet. Quite suitable for a song which is very twee.


1970 Logo ©  EBU
Basic information
21 March 1970
RAI Congrescentrum, Amsterdam, Netherlands
Willy Dobbe
About the contest: 

Only twelve countries participated in 1970, 25% less than the previous year, including no Scandinavian countries. This was in protest at the result in 1969 when four countries ‘won’. What the contest lacked in quantity, it made up for in Eurovision ‘names’. Stella, who went on to represent Belgium in Harrogate in 1982, was one of Patricia’s Hearts of Soul. For many years, Julio Iglesias denied singing in the contest, but now admits his participation in the face of incontrovertible video evidence. Jean Vallée returned to the contest for the second time, while Guy Bonnet made his first appearance as a singer, although he had written the French entry the year before. Katja Ebstein made the first of three appearances for Germany. Gianni Morandi is still a big star in Italy almost 40 years later.

The set was very high-tech for its day. It featured baubles and semi-circular bars hanging from the back of the stage which formed different patterns for each act.

Each country had a jury of ten people, who each gave one point to their favourite song.

About the songs: 
 Patricia and the Hearts of SoulPatricia and the Hearts of Soul The Netherlands - Patricia and Hearts of Soul - Waterman (Dutch)

Music/Lyrics: Pieter Goemans/Pieter Goemans

Conductor: Dolf van der Linden

The Netherlands got the contest off to a melodic, if slightly lacklustre start. There were good harmonies throughout this calming song.

 Henri DèsHenri Dès Switzerland - Henri Dès - Retour (French)

Music/Lyrics: Henri Dès/Henri Dès

Conductor: Bernard Gérard

Injecting a bit of bounce into the contest, Henri, with no hint of shame, sang to his lady about all the fun he would have while he was away from her. He even did a silly dance for good measure.

 Gianni MorandiGianni Morandi

Italy - Gianni Morandi - Occhi di Ragazza (Italian)

Music/Lyrics: Lucio Dalla/Gianfranco Baldazzi & Sergio Bardotti

Conductor: Mario Capuano

Italy diverted from their usual way of selecting their singer, through the Sanremo festival. Super confident Gianni wasn’t even in the festival in 1970, never mind win it. Occhi di Ragazza is very melodic and has a relaxed feel to it.

 Eva SrsenEva Srsen Yugoslavia - Eva Srsen - Pridi, Dala Ti Bom Cvet (Serbo-Croat)

Music/Lyrics: Mojmir Sepe/Dusan Velkaverh

Conductor: Mojmir Sepe

The youngest singer in the contest gave the understated performance the song needed and showed a maturity beyond her 16 years.

 Jean ValléeJean Vallée

Belgium - Jean Vallée - Viens L'oublier (French)

Music Lyrics: Jean Vallée/Jean Vallée

Conductor: Jack Say

A big intro leads into a quiet verse. When the chorus of this French ballad arrives, the drama returns.

 Guy BonnetGuy Bonnet France - Guy Bonnet - Marie Blanche (French)

Music/Lyrics: Guy Bonnet/Pierre André Dousset

Conductor: Frank Pourcel

This was the first of two appearances by Guy. He sat at the piano to sing this gentle, flowing ballad.

 Mary HopkinMary Hopkin United Kingdom - Mary Hopkin - Knock, Knock, Who’s There? (English)

Music/Lyrics: John Carter & Geoff Stephens/ John Carter & Geoff Stephens

Conductor: Johnny Arthey

Mary’s pure voice gave the song a sense of innocence. Knock, Knock, Who’s There? Moves along freely and almost lives up to its tag of pre-contest favourite.

 David-Alexandre WinterDavid-Alexandre Winter Luxembourg - David-Alexandre Winter - Je Suis Tombé Du Ciel (French)

Music Lyrics: Yves de Vriendt/Eddy Marnay

Conductor: Raymond Lefèvre

Possibly one of the least deserving members of the ‘nul points’ club, even if it does break from its French ballad style into la, la, la towards the end.

 Julio IglesiasJulio Iglesias Spain - Julio Iglesias - Gwendolyne (Spanish)

Music/Lyrics: Julio Iglesias/ Julio Iglesias

Conductor: Augusto Augueró

The future international superstar represented his homeland with a song which wouldn’t have been out of place on his greatest hits album.

 Dominique DussaultDominique Dussault

Monaco - Dominique Dussault - Marlène (French)

Music/Lyrics: Eddie Barclay & Jimmy Walter/Henri Dijan

Conductor: Jimmy Walter

Dominique certainly sounded just like the subject of her song, and Marlene herself could certainly have sung this, if it wasn’t for the song being about her.

 Katja EbsteinKatja Ebstein

Germany - Katja Ebstein - Wunder Gibt Es Immer Wieder (German)

Music/Lyrics: Christian Bruhn/Gunther Loose

Conductor: Christian Bruhn

Also appearing for the first time, Katja sings a song which is tinged with a touch of jazz, and isn’t as lively as the intro leads you to believe.


Ireland - Dana - All Kinds of Everything (English)

Music/Lyrics: Derry Lindsay & Jackie Smith/ Derry Lindsay & Jackie Smith

Conductor: Dolf van der Linden

A young Dana sat alone on stage to sing a very gentle ode to everything that is nice about the world, and how they remind her of the one she loves.


1969 ©  EBU
Basic information
29 March 1969
Teatro Real, Madrid, Spain
Laurita Valenzuela
About the contest: 

Everyone’s a winner! Well, almost. A quarter of the songs in the contest can claim to have won. As there was no rule for two or more songs scoring the same points, there was no way of splitting them, so all four were declared the winner.

Feminism reached Eurovision. All the winning songs were sung by women, and three of the songs have a lady’s name in the title. Sixteen countries travelled to Madrid, one less than in 1968. Austria withdrew and Denmark stayed out, and wouldn’t return until 1978.

Tommy  Körberg and Paola del Medico made their Eurovision debuts, Romauld appeared in his second contest, while Louis Neefs and Kirsti Sparboe both sung for the third and final time.

The winners were decided by ten jury members in each country, who all gave one point to their favourite song.

About the songs: 
IvanIvan Yugoslavia - Ivan - Pozdrav Svijetu (Serbo Croat)

Music/Lyrics: Milan Lentic/Milan Lentic

Conductor: Miljenko Prohaska

Once the idea for the song was established, the lyrics couldn’t have taken long to write. Ivan sings ‘hello’ in various languages. A clever tactic or laziness? You decide.

 RomualdRomuald Luxembourg - Romuald - Cathérine (French)

Music/Lyrics: Paul Mauriat & André Borly/ André Pascal

Conductor: Augusto Augueró

Five years after representing Monaco, Romuald hopped over the border, strolled through France, and found himself representing another small principality. He sung with French passion about Catherine.

 SalomeSalome Spain - Salome - Vivo Cantando (Spanish)

Music/Lyrics: Maria José de Cerato/Aniano Alcade

Conductor: Augusto Augueró

The hosts won again (sort of) with a song from the same mould. While only proper words are used this time, the verses are slow and the chorus’ are more up-tempo. 

 Jean JacquesJean Jacques Monaco - Jean Jacques - Maman Maman (French)

Music/Lyrics: Jo Perrier/Jo Perier

Conductor: Hervé Roy

Jean was easily young enough to get away with singing about his mother. It’s a happy sounding, up-tempo song, which slows down occasionally to sound all military.

 Muriel Day and the LindsaysMuriel Day and the Lindsays Ireland - Muriel Day and the Lindsays - The Wages of Love (English)

Music/Lyrics: Michael Reade/Michael Reade

Conductor: Noel Kelehan

Two firsts for Ireland - the first woman to represent them and the first up-tempo song for the Irish. No-one could accuse her of underselling the song.

 Iva ZanicchiIva Zanicchi Italy - Iva Zanicchi - Due Grosse Lacrime Bianche (Italian)

Music/Lyrics: Piero Soffici/Daiano

Conductor: Ezio Leoni

In a year that produced four winners, Italy could have been the fifth. Experienced Iva delivered this beautiful and emotional song perfectly.

 LuluLulu United Kingdom - Lulu - Boom Bang-a-Bang (English)

Music/Lyrics: Alan Moorhouse/Peter Warne

Conductor: Johnny Harris

After Cliff Richard, the BBC commissioned another well known and popular singer. Elements of the song could be compared with Puppet on a String, but it’s aged quite well. Aware of her surroundings, Lulu added an ‘Ole’ at the end.

 Lenny KuhrLenny Kuhr The Netherlands - Lenny Kuhr - De Troubadour (Dutch)

Music/Lyrics: Lenny Kuhr/David Hartsema

Conductor: Frans de Kok

Another of the winners, and in many people’s eyes, possibly the most unworthy of the four. Never mind Ziggy, Lenny played guitar, which is as prominent as the ‘la la la’s’ throughout the song. 

 Tommy KörbergTommy Körberg Sweden - Tommy Körberg - Judy, Min Vän (Swedish)

Music/Lyrics: Roger Wallis/Britt Lindeborg

Conductor: Lars Samuelson

Nineteen years before his second appearance in the contest, Tommy’s voice is already mature enough to deliver a very solid performance of this melodic, mid-tempo song.

 Louis NeefsLouis Neefs Belgium - Louis Neefs - Jennifer Jennings (Flemish)

Music/Lyrics: Paul Quintens/Philippe van Cauwenbergh

Conductor: Francis Bay

The brass section of the orchestra added a bit of ‘oomph’ at appropriate moments, creating a bit of life for the chorus after fairly uneventful verses. Louis finished one place higher than his previous entry two years previously.

 Paola del MedicoPaola del Medico Switzerland - Paola del Medico - Bonjour, Bonjour (German)

Music/Lyrics: Henry Mayer/Jack Stark

Conductor: Henry Mayer

Another singer making her first appearance, Paola sings in German. The song moves along steadily. The use of brass towards the end lifts the song.  

 Kirsti SparboeKirsti Sparboe Norway - Kirsti Sparboe - Oj, Oj, Oj, Så Glad, Jeg Skal Bli (Norwegian)

Music/Lyrics: Arne Bendiksen/Arne Bendiksen

Conductor: Øivind Bergh

Appearing for the third and final time, Kirsti sang a feel good song and left the contest with her worst result.

 Siw MalmkvistSiw Malmkvist Germany - Siw Malmkvist - Primaballerina (German)

Music/Lyrics: Hans Blum/Hans Blum

Conductor: Hans Blum

In an early example of the international nature of the contest, Swede Siw represented Germany with a song that was a possible winner. Primaballerina contains elements of the fairground.

 Frida BoccaraFrida Boccara France - Frida Boccara - Un Jour, Un Enfant (French)

Music/Lyrics: Emile Stern/Eddy Marnay

Conductor: Franck Pourcel

In many people’s opinion, France supplied the best of the four winners. A classy, gentle ballad sung with feeling by Frida.

 Simone de OliveiraSimone de Oliveira Portugal - Simone de Oliveira - Desfolhada Portuguesa (Portuguese)

Music/Lyrics: Nuno Nazareth Fernandes/José Carlos Ary dos Santos

Conductor: Ferrer Trindade

While this sounds jollier than their entries to date, there is still a melancholy undercurrent to the song. Perhaps taking its cue from the winner from the previous year, there are a few ‘la la la’s.’

 Jarkko and LauraJarkko and Laura Finland - Jarkko and Laura - Kuin Silloin Ennen (Finnish)

Music/Lyrics: Toivo Kärki/Juha Vainio

Conductor: Ossi Runne

This is a chirpy little number in a style which was starting to become typical of the Finnish entries. No surprise then that the result was typical as well, although Jarkko’s Boater hat and the little dance they both did during the instrumental couldn’t have helped.

Here Are the Results of the Juries

Alexander Rybak © Charlotte Jensen, EuroVisionary

Much interest in the voting for this year’s Eurovision Song Contest centered on the introduction of juries in each country to vote alongside the public phone vote.

The Full Results: Saved by the Jury

2009 Eurovision logo ©

The results of both semifinals have now been released by the EBU. They make interesting reading. The jury overturned the telephone vote to save countries in each of the semifinals. Quite annoying if your country finished 10th in the phone vote.

Eurovision Song Contest 2009: The Day the Music Triumphed

Alexander Rybak {Copyright:Charlotte Jensen, EuroVisionary}

In a contest which nobody could call close, Norway won the 54th Eurovision Song Contest in the Olympiyskiy Arena in Moscow. He scored a record 387 points, leaving him a long way in front of Iceland and Azerbaijan in second and third places respectively.

Video: Dschinghis Khan - Dschinghis Khan (From opening party)

See video

Dschinghis Khan, who represented Germany in 1979 where they finished 4th. performed at the opening of the 2009 Eurovision Song Contest.




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