1971 logo.jpg
Basic information
3 April 1971
Contest type: 
Grand Final
Gaiety Theatre, Dublin, Ireland
Bernadette Ni Gallchoir
About the contest: 

After the exodus of 1970, normality was restored as 18 countries travelled to Dublin, the first time the Irish capital hosted the contest. The number of participants was boosted by the entrance of Malta for the first time. Five of the artists were appearing for the first time, while Katja Ebstein competed for the second successive year. Among the debutants were Peter, Sue and Marc, who sang in four contests, each time in a different language.

The rules were changed to allow more performers on stage. Previously, only a maximum of two were allowed, but as from 1971, six were allowed.

A new voting system was introduced. Instead of ten jurors from each country voting for one song each, two people from each country gave all the songs (except their own) a score out of five. It could be argued that this was a strange system as it meant that Europe’s favourite song was chosen by 38 people. On the other hand, it could be argued that, in the three years it was used, it produced three winners that would feature in the top ten of most fans winners list.

About the songs: 
Marianne MendtMarianne Mendt

Austria - Marianne Mendt - Musik (German)

Music/Lyrics: Richard Schönherz & Manuel Rigoni/ Richard Schönherz  Manuel Rigoni

Conductor: Robert Opratko

A big brass intro set the scene as Marianne started with restraint and then belted out the big chorus. The busy arrangement keeps the attention of the listener until the end.

 Joe GrechJoe Grech Malta - Joe Grech - Marija L-maltija (Maltese)

Music/Lyrics: Joe Grech/Charles Misfud

Conductor: Twanny Chircop

Malta’s debut song in the contest is a cheesy affair sung in Maltese. As was not uncommon at that time, brass is very evident in the arrangement. At least finishing last didn’t put them off.

 SéverineSéverine Monaco - Séverine - Un Banc, Un Arbre, Une Rue (French)

Music/Lyrics: Jean-Pierre Bourtayre/Yves Dessca

Conductor: Jean-Claude Petit

Severine gave Monaco its first and only victory with a very classy ballad. It stands out from its competitors as being the best of the bunch. She also gave a performance worthy of the song.

 Peter, Sue and MarcPeter, Sue and Marc Switzerland - Peter, Sue and Marc - Les Illusions De Nos Vingt Ans (French)

Music/Lyrics: Peter Reber/Maurice Téz

Conductor: Jean-Claude Vannier

This was the Swiss trios first of four appearances. Sue did most of the vocal duties for a song which is gentle and reflective.  

 Katja EbsteinKatja Ebstein Germany - Katja Ebstein - Diese Welt (German)

Music/Lyrics: Dieter Zimmermann/Fred Jay

Conductor: Dieter Zimmermann

Katja’s second successive visit to the contest is a song which has a quiet verse and builds into the chorus. She sings with feeling for the duration of the song.

 KarinaKarina Spain - Karina - En Un Mundo Nuevo (Spanish)

Music/Lyrics: Rafael Trabucchelli/Tony Luz

Conductor: Waldo de los Rios

The song starts quite softly and builds gradually towards the chorus. It’s the style similar to the two songs which brought Spain victory, and it very nearly did so again. 

 Serge LamaSerge Lama France - Serge Lama - Un Jardin Sur La Terre (French)

Music/Lyrics: Alice Dona/Henri Djian & Jacques Demarny

Conductor: Franck Pourcel

A traditional ‘chanteur’ in voice and style of performance, Serge gave a solid interpretation of a song which plods along at times.

 Monique MelsenMonique Melsen Luxembourg - Monique Melsen - Pomme, Pomme, Pomme (French)

Music/Lyrics: Hubert Giraud/Pierre Cour

Conductor: Jean Claudric

This is an unremarkable song which could come from a children’s television programme. The tempo and melody change little, although Monique sells it well.  

 Clodagh RodgersClodagh Rodgers United Kingdom - Clodagh Rodgers - Jack in the Box (English)

Music/Lyrics: John Worsley/David Myers

Conductor: Johnny Arthey

The intro immediately grabs the listeners attention and the rest of the song is interesting enough to maintain it before ending with a bang. Dressed in pink hot pants, Clodagh gave a lively performance. 

 Lily Castel and Jacques RaymondLily Castel and Jacques Raymond Belgium - Lily Castel and Jacques Raymond - Goeie Morgen, Morgen (Flemish)

Music/Lyrics: Paul Quintens/Philippe van Cauwenbergh

Conductor: Francis Bay

Lily and Jacques represented Belgium after the original choices, Nicole and Hugo, had to withdraw after Nicole suffered an injury. Lily and Jacques were dressed quite formally for this mid tempo ditty which possibly deserved its low placing.

 Massimo RanieriMassimo Ranieri Italy - Massimo Ranieri - L'amore è Un Attimo (Italian)

Music/Lyrics: Enrico Polito/Gaetano Savio & Giancarlo Bigazzi

Conductor: Enrico Polito

A young Massimo gave a mature performance, showing the potential that led to a successful career which continues today. L'amore è Un Attimo has echoes of his native Neopolitan tradition.

 Family FourFamily Four

Sweden - Family Four - Vita Vidder (Swedish)

Music/Lyrics: Hakan Elmquist/Hakan Elmquist

Conductor: Claes Rosendahl

The quality of the harmonies was always going to be crucial to the success or otherwise of the Swedish entry. Fortunately, the four voices worked well together. If they hadn’t……….

 Angela FarrellAngela Farrell

Ireland - Angela Farrell - One Day Love (English)

Music/Lyrics: Donald Martin & Ita Flynn/ Donald Martin & Ita Flynn

Conductor: Noel Kelehan

Pure voiced Angela almost went soprano at times. One Day Love moves along steadily, the pace never faltering.

 Saskia and SergeSaskia and Serge

The Netherlands - Saskia and Serge - De Tijd (Dutch)

Music/Lyrics: Joop Stokkermans/Gerrit den Braber

Conductor: Dolf van der Linden

The recorders lend a medieval feel to the song, and the melody is also medieval in style. Saskia does most of the singing, leaving Serge to be little more than a backing musician. 


Portugal - Tonicha - Menina Do Alto Da Serra (Portuguese)

Music/Lyrics: Nuno Nazareth Fernandes/Josė Carlos Ary dos Santos

Conductor: Jorge Costa Pinto

If such a thing exists, Menina… could come from a Portuguese western. The tempo stays brisk throughout the song, which manages to keep the listeners attention.

 Krunoslav SlabinacKrunoslav Slabinac

Yugoslavia - Krunoslav Slabinac - Tvoj Djecak Je Tuzan (Serbo-Croat)

Music/Lyrics: Ivica Krajac/Zvonimir Golob

Conductor: Miljenko Prohaska

There is a jazz feel to the intro, but once Krunoslav starts singing, it turns into a big ballad.

 Markku AroMarkku Aro

Finland - Markku Aro and the Koivisto Sisters - Tie Uuteen Päivään (Finnish)

Music/Lyrics: Rauno Lehtinen/ Rauno Lehtinen

Conductor: Ossi Runne

This song can’t decide what it wants to be. The verses are slow and the chorus follows smoothly, but then there is a bridge which totally changes the direction of the song. The result is slightly messy.

 Hanne KroghHanne Krogh

Norway - Hanne Krogh - Lykken Er... (Norwegian)

Music/Lyrics: Arne Bendiksen/Arne Bendiksen

Conductor: Arne Bendiksen

A very young Hanne was dressed for a summers day and looked a bit too sweet. Quite suitable for a song which is very twee.


1970 Logo ©  EBU
Basic information
21 March 1970
RAI Congrescentrum, Amsterdam, Netherlands
Willy Dobbe
About the contest: 

Only twelve countries participated in 1970, 25% less than the previous year, including no Scandinavian countries. This was in protest at the result in 1969 when four countries ‘won’. What the contest lacked in quantity, it made up for in Eurovision ‘names’. Stella, who went on to represent Belgium in Harrogate in 1982, was one of Patricia’s Hearts of Soul. For many years, Julio Iglesias denied singing in the contest, but now admits his participation in the face of incontrovertible video evidence. Jean Vallée returned to the contest for the second time, while Guy Bonnet made his first appearance as a singer, although he had written the French entry the year before. Katja Ebstein made the first of three appearances for Germany. Gianni Morandi is still a big star in Italy almost 40 years later.

The set was very high-tech for its day. It featured baubles and semi-circular bars hanging from the back of the stage which formed different patterns for each act.

Each country had a jury of ten people, who each gave one point to their favourite song.

About the songs: 
 Patricia and the Hearts of SoulPatricia and the Hearts of Soul The Netherlands - Patricia and Hearts of Soul - Waterman (Dutch)

Music/Lyrics: Pieter Goemans/Pieter Goemans

Conductor: Dolf van der Linden

The Netherlands got the contest off to a melodic, if slightly lacklustre start. There were good harmonies throughout this calming song.

 Henri DèsHenri Dès Switzerland - Henri Dès - Retour (French)

Music/Lyrics: Henri Dès/Henri Dès

Conductor: Bernard Gérard

Injecting a bit of bounce into the contest, Henri, with no hint of shame, sang to his lady about all the fun he would have while he was away from her. He even did a silly dance for good measure.

 Gianni MorandiGianni Morandi

Italy - Gianni Morandi - Occhi di Ragazza (Italian)

Music/Lyrics: Lucio Dalla/Gianfranco Baldazzi & Sergio Bardotti

Conductor: Mario Capuano

Italy diverted from their usual way of selecting their singer, through the Sanremo festival. Super confident Gianni wasn’t even in the festival in 1970, never mind win it. Occhi di Ragazza is very melodic and has a relaxed feel to it.

 Eva SrsenEva Srsen Yugoslavia - Eva Srsen - Pridi, Dala Ti Bom Cvet (Serbo-Croat)

Music/Lyrics: Mojmir Sepe/Dusan Velkaverh

Conductor: Mojmir Sepe

The youngest singer in the contest gave the understated performance the song needed and showed a maturity beyond her 16 years.

 Jean ValléeJean Vallée

Belgium - Jean Vallée - Viens L'oublier (French)

Music Lyrics: Jean Vallée/Jean Vallée

Conductor: Jack Say

A big intro leads into a quiet verse. When the chorus of this French ballad arrives, the drama returns.

 Guy BonnetGuy Bonnet France - Guy Bonnet - Marie Blanche (French)

Music/Lyrics: Guy Bonnet/Pierre André Dousset

Conductor: Frank Pourcel

This was the first of two appearances by Guy. He sat at the piano to sing this gentle, flowing ballad.

 Mary HopkinMary Hopkin United Kingdom - Mary Hopkin - Knock, Knock, Who’s There? (English)

Music/Lyrics: John Carter & Geoff Stephens/ John Carter & Geoff Stephens

Conductor: Johnny Arthey

Mary’s pure voice gave the song a sense of innocence. Knock, Knock, Who’s There? Moves along freely and almost lives up to its tag of pre-contest favourite.

 David-Alexandre WinterDavid-Alexandre Winter Luxembourg - David-Alexandre Winter - Je Suis Tombé Du Ciel (French)

Music Lyrics: Yves de Vriendt/Eddy Marnay

Conductor: Raymond Lefèvre

Possibly one of the least deserving members of the ‘nul points’ club, even if it does break from its French ballad style into la, la, la towards the end.

 Julio IglesiasJulio Iglesias Spain - Julio Iglesias - Gwendolyne (Spanish)

Music/Lyrics: Julio Iglesias/ Julio Iglesias

Conductor: Augusto Augueró

The future international superstar represented his homeland with a song which wouldn’t have been out of place on his greatest hits album.

 Dominique DussaultDominique Dussault

Monaco - Dominique Dussault - Marlène (French)

Music/Lyrics: Eddie Barclay & Jimmy Walter/Henri Dijan

Conductor: Jimmy Walter

Dominique certainly sounded just like the subject of her song, and Marlene herself could certainly have sung this, if it wasn’t for the song being about her.

 Katja EbsteinKatja Ebstein

Germany - Katja Ebstein - Wunder Gibt Es Immer Wieder (German)

Music/Lyrics: Christian Bruhn/Gunther Loose

Conductor: Christian Bruhn

Also appearing for the first time, Katja sings a song which is tinged with a touch of jazz, and isn’t as lively as the intro leads you to believe.


Ireland - Dana - All Kinds of Everything (English)

Music/Lyrics: Derry Lindsay & Jackie Smith/ Derry Lindsay & Jackie Smith

Conductor: Dolf van der Linden

A young Dana sat alone on stage to sing a very gentle ode to everything that is nice about the world, and how they remind her of the one she loves.


1969 ©  EBU
Basic information
29 March 1969
Teatro Real, Madrid, Spain
Laurita Valenzuela
About the contest: 

Everyone’s a winner! Well, almost. A quarter of the songs in the contest can claim to have won. As there was no rule for two or more songs scoring the same points, there was no way of splitting them, so all four were declared the winner.

Feminism reached Eurovision. All the winning songs were sung by women, and three of the songs have a lady’s name in the title. Sixteen countries travelled to Madrid, one less than in 1968. Austria withdrew and Denmark stayed out, and wouldn’t return until 1978.

Tommy  Körberg and Paola del Medico made their Eurovision debuts, Romauld appeared in his second contest, while Louis Neefs and Kirsti Sparboe both sung for the third and final time.

The winners were decided by ten jury members in each country, who all gave one point to their favourite song.

About the songs: 
IvanIvan Yugoslavia - Ivan - Pozdrav Svijetu (Serbo Croat)

Music/Lyrics: Milan Lentic/Milan Lentic

Conductor: Miljenko Prohaska

Once the idea for the song was established, the lyrics couldn’t have taken long to write. Ivan sings ‘hello’ in various languages. A clever tactic or laziness? You decide.

 RomualdRomuald Luxembourg - Romuald - Cathérine (French)

Music/Lyrics: Paul Mauriat & André Borly/ André Pascal

Conductor: Augusto Augueró

Five years after representing Monaco, Romuald hopped over the border, strolled through France, and found himself representing another small principality. He sung with French passion about Catherine.

 SalomeSalome Spain - Salome - Vivo Cantando (Spanish)

Music/Lyrics: Maria José de Cerato/Aniano Alcade

Conductor: Augusto Augueró

The hosts won again (sort of) with a song from the same mould. While only proper words are used this time, the verses are slow and the chorus’ are more up-tempo. 

 Jean JacquesJean Jacques Monaco - Jean Jacques - Maman Maman (French)

Music/Lyrics: Jo Perrier/Jo Perier

Conductor: Hervé Roy

Jean was easily young enough to get away with singing about his mother. It’s a happy sounding, up-tempo song, which slows down occasionally to sound all military.

 Muriel Day and the LindsaysMuriel Day and the Lindsays Ireland - Muriel Day and the Lindsays - The Wages of Love (English)

Music/Lyrics: Michael Reade/Michael Reade

Conductor: Noel Kelehan

Two firsts for Ireland - the first woman to represent them and the first up-tempo song for the Irish. No-one could accuse her of underselling the song.

 Iva ZanicchiIva Zanicchi Italy - Iva Zanicchi - Due Grosse Lacrime Bianche (Italian)

Music/Lyrics: Piero Soffici/Daiano

Conductor: Ezio Leoni

In a year that produced four winners, Italy could have been the fifth. Experienced Iva delivered this beautiful and emotional song perfectly.

 LuluLulu United Kingdom - Lulu - Boom Bang-a-Bang (English)

Music/Lyrics: Alan Moorhouse/Peter Warne

Conductor: Johnny Harris

After Cliff Richard, the BBC commissioned another well known and popular singer. Elements of the song could be compared with Puppet on a String, but it’s aged quite well. Aware of her surroundings, Lulu added an ‘Ole’ at the end.

 Lenny KuhrLenny Kuhr The Netherlands - Lenny Kuhr - De Troubadour (Dutch)

Music/Lyrics: Lenny Kuhr/David Hartsema

Conductor: Frans de Kok

Another of the winners, and in many people’s eyes, possibly the most unworthy of the four. Never mind Ziggy, Lenny played guitar, which is as prominent as the ‘la la la’s’ throughout the song. 

 Tommy KörbergTommy Körberg Sweden - Tommy Körberg - Judy, Min Vän (Swedish)

Music/Lyrics: Roger Wallis/Britt Lindeborg

Conductor: Lars Samuelson

Nineteen years before his second appearance in the contest, Tommy’s voice is already mature enough to deliver a very solid performance of this melodic, mid-tempo song.

 Louis NeefsLouis Neefs Belgium - Louis Neefs - Jennifer Jennings (Flemish)

Music/Lyrics: Paul Quintens/Philippe van Cauwenbergh

Conductor: Francis Bay

The brass section of the orchestra added a bit of ‘oomph’ at appropriate moments, creating a bit of life for the chorus after fairly uneventful verses. Louis finished one place higher than his previous entry two years previously.

 Paola del MedicoPaola del Medico Switzerland - Paola del Medico - Bonjour, Bonjour (German)

Music/Lyrics: Henry Mayer/Jack Stark

Conductor: Henry Mayer

Another singer making her first appearance, Paola sings in German. The song moves along steadily. The use of brass towards the end lifts the song.  

 Kirsti SparboeKirsti Sparboe Norway - Kirsti Sparboe - Oj, Oj, Oj, Så Glad, Jeg Skal Bli (Norwegian)

Music/Lyrics: Arne Bendiksen/Arne Bendiksen

Conductor: Øivind Bergh

Appearing for the third and final time, Kirsti sang a feel good song and left the contest with her worst result.

 Siw MalmkvistSiw Malmkvist Germany - Siw Malmkvist - Primaballerina (German)

Music/Lyrics: Hans Blum/Hans Blum

Conductor: Hans Blum

In an early example of the international nature of the contest, Swede Siw represented Germany with a song that was a possible winner. Primaballerina contains elements of the fairground.

 Frida BoccaraFrida Boccara France - Frida Boccara - Un Jour, Un Enfant (French)

Music/Lyrics: Emile Stern/Eddy Marnay

Conductor: Franck Pourcel

In many people’s opinion, France supplied the best of the four winners. A classy, gentle ballad sung with feeling by Frida.

 Simone de OliveiraSimone de Oliveira Portugal - Simone de Oliveira - Desfolhada Portuguesa (Portuguese)

Music/Lyrics: Nuno Nazareth Fernandes/José Carlos Ary dos Santos

Conductor: Ferrer Trindade

While this sounds jollier than their entries to date, there is still a melancholy undercurrent to the song. Perhaps taking its cue from the winner from the previous year, there are a few ‘la la la’s.’

 Jarkko and LauraJarkko and Laura Finland - Jarkko and Laura - Kuin Silloin Ennen (Finnish)

Music/Lyrics: Toivo Kärki/Juha Vainio

Conductor: Ossi Runne

This is a chirpy little number in a style which was starting to become typical of the Finnish entries. No surprise then that the result was typical as well, although Jarkko’s Boater hat and the little dance they both did during the instrumental couldn’t have helped.

Here Are the Results of the Juries

Alexander Rybak © Charlotte Jensen, EuroVisionary

Much interest in the voting for this year’s Eurovision Song Contest centered on the introduction of juries in each country to vote alongside the public phone vote.

The Full Results: Saved by the Jury

2009 Eurovision logo ©

The results of both semifinals have now been released by the EBU. They make interesting reading. The jury overturned the telephone vote to save countries in each of the semifinals. Quite annoying if your country finished 10th in the phone vote.

Eurovision Song Contest 2009: The Day the Music Triumphed

Alexander Rybak {Copyright:Charlotte Jensen, EuroVisionary}

In a contest which nobody could call close, Norway won the 54th Eurovision Song Contest in the Olympiyskiy Arena in Moscow. He scored a record 387 points, leaving him a long way in front of Iceland and Azerbaijan in second and third places respectively.

Video: Dschinghis Khan - Dschinghis Khan (From opening party)

See video

Dschinghis Khan, who represented Germany in 1979 where they finished 4th. performed at the opening of the 2009 Eurovision Song Contest.

Eurovision 2009: Day 7 Press Conferences

Alex Swings, Oscar Sings ©  Indrek Galetin, EBU

A week into rehearsals and finally the five countries already in the final took to the stage. Before that, it was the turn of some of the remaining countries in Thursday’s second semifinal to rehearse for the second time.

Oscar Loya (Germany) Talks to EuroVisionary

Oscar Loya

Oscar Loya will represent Germany in the Eurovision Song Contest 2009, together with Alex Christensen as Alex Swings Oscar sings, performing the song Miss Kiss Kiss Bang. Oscar tells us about his music career and his song, where he thinks that people should relax and have fun as much as possible.


Mihai Trăistariu: The 2009 songs part 2

Mihai Trăistariu continue sharing his opinion about this year’s 42 participating songs. In part two of four he looks at Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland and Israel.






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